Undergraduate Courses in India

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India hailed as having the world’s second-largest higher education system, has more than 550 institutions and universities along with 16,000 other colleges offering undergraduate degrees in various academic disciplines. Within the 20-million student community in India, approximately 85% are undergraduates with enrolments increasing by around 15% every year.

Quality of Education

All degree-granting universities in India require accreditation by institutions authorized by the University Grants Commission (UGC). Educational reforms and enhancements in the quality of degrees and institutes are now attracting foreign students to consider India as a study abroad destination. The 2018 QS University Rankings: BRICS mentions 43 Indian Universities among its top 200 universities. While seven IITs feature in the top 60 list, the University of Delhi and the University of Calcutta rank among the top 70.

Undergraduate Education Structure

  • Regular degree programs in Arts, Science, Commerce, and Social Sciences are three-year programs whereas professional programs in Engineering, Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmacy range from four to five-and-a-half years
  • Academic performance is measured on a 10-point scale with 10 implying ‘Outstanding’ and 4 implying ‘Pass’
  • Individual semester average is referred to as SGPA (Semester Grade Point Average) while the average of all the semester grades is referred to as CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average)
  • A credit system based on majors and minors is slowly gaining popularity with the required credits for course completion ranging from 120 to 140
  • Undecided major is not allowed
  • Minimum 75% attendance is mandatory for most universities


Let’s look at the list of specialized undergraduate/bachelor’s degrees programs offered in India:

  1. Bachelor of Arts
  2. Bachelor of Science
  3. Bachelor of Commerce
  4. Bachelor of Engg./Tech
  6. Bachelor of Law
  7. Bachelor of Medicine (MBBS)
  8. IIM 5-year Integrated Mgmt. Programme

1. Bachelor of Arts

Course offered in Literature, Economics, Languages, Philosophy, History, Journalism, Psychology, Political Science, Archaeology, Public Administration, Music, and Fine Arts; also available in Computer Science, Mathematics, Advertising, and Cinema Sciences

  • Top colleges: Lady Shri Ram College for Women and St. Stephen’s College (New Delhi), Loyola College (Chennai)

2. Bachelor of Science

  • Specializations available in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Geography, Environmental Science, Information Technology, Computer Science, Geology, Agriculture, Mathematics, etc.
  • Top colleges: St. Stephen’s College (New Delhi), Loyola College (Chennai), and St. Xavier’s College (Mumbai)

3. Bachelor of Commerce

  • Fewer specializations are available within this stream but some of them include Cost Accounting, Foreign Trade, E-commerce, Business Economics/Law/Finance, Taxation, Marketing, Advertising and Sales Management, and Office Management
  • Commerce graduates generally progress to higher degrees such as CA, CWA, and CSS and can also pursue management studies
  • Top colleges: Sri Ram College of Commerce and Lady Shri Ram College for Women (New Delhi), Loyola College (Chennai)

 4. Bachelor of Engg./Tech

  • Specializations are available such as Computer Applications (also offered exclusively as BCA), Electrical and Electronics, Information Technology, Automobiles, Software, Biotechnology, Civil, and Mechanical
  • Top institutes: IIT-Kanpur, IIT-Delhi, and IIT-Kharagpur; Christ University (Bangalore) is ranked high for Computer Applications


  • Specializations include Marketing, Finance, Human Resource Management, Management of Services, Management of Global Business and Tourism Management
  • Top institutes: Delhi College of Advanced Studies, IP University, Delhi

6. Bachelor of Law

  • Specializations include Criminal Law, Civil Law, Labour Law, International Law
  • The curriculum includes seminars, tutorial work, moot courts, and practical training programs
  • Top institutes: National Law School of India, Faculty of Law, Delhi University

 7. Bachelor of Medicine (MBBS)

  • The duration between four to five-and-a-half years; program includes 12-month long internship
  • Top medical colleges: All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Lady Hardinge Medical College

8. IIM 5-year Integrated Mgmt. Programme

  • Designed for young students aspiring to become management professionals
  • The curriculum includes Management, Natural Sciences, Liberal Arts, Humanities, Social Sciences, soft skills


Undergraduate courses in India offer the perfect grooming for students before they embark on their careers. With a wide range of universities offering diverse programs, India is getting noticed as an excellent destination for students from various social, economic and cultural backgrounds.

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