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GRE Syllabus 2023

What is GRE Exam Syllabus?

The GRE exam syllabus 2023 is composed of three sections – GRE Analytical Writing, GRE Verbal Reasoning, and GRE Quantitative Reasoning. The GRE exam syllabus measures the candidate’s quantitative reasoning, verbal reasoning, analytical writing and critical thinking skills that are necessary for success in higher education. ETS, which conducts the GRE, gives an overview of the syllabus covered in these three sections which helps us to understand the content and skills required for the GRE exam.


GRE Test Format

The GRE exam is divided into two sections: the GRE General Test and the GRE Subject Test.

GRE General Test: The GRE General Test is a standard examination that assesses students’ verbal, mathematical, and analytical writing abilities.

GRE Subject Test: A GRE Subject Test may be required by the college for more specialized courses, as the GRE Subject Test concentrates on judging the candidate’s proficiency in specific disciplines.


GRE General Test Pattern

Even if you are aware of the GRE exam syllabus and have memorized all of the answers, failing to manage time can result in an incomplete exam. This is where the importance of being familiar with the GRE exam pattern is of the utmost significance. Analytical Writing, Verbal Reasoning, and Quantitative Reasoning are the three primary elements of the GRE exam syllabus. The GRE computer-based test has a total time limit of 3 hours and 45 minutes.

Section Total Questions Types of Questions Score Range Duration
GRE Verbal Reasoning 20+20= 40 Reading Comprehension

Text Completion

Sentence Equivalence

130-170 (in 1-point increment) 60 minutes (30 minutes per section)
GRE Quantitative Reasoning 20+20= 40 Quantitative Comparison Questions

Numeric Entry Questions

130-170 (in 1-point increment) 70 (35 minutes per section)
GRE Analytical Reasoning Questions 1+1= 2 Analyzing an Issue

Analyzing an Argument

0-6 (in 0.5 point increment) 30 minutes for each task
Total 80 MCQs

2 Descriptive

260-340 3 hours 10 minutes

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GRE General Test Syllabus And Question Types

The general test is broken into three components under the revised GRE exam pattern and syllabus. These are the following:

  • Writing Analytically
  • Quantitative Analysis
  • Reasoning with words

The first two components of the GRE test syllabus, GRE Quantitative Reasoning, and GRE Analytical Writing are well-defined, while the GRE quantitative reasoning syllabus is confusing. Let’s have a look at what each segment is made up of to get a better idea of the material that will be covered.

Geometry is likely the most difficult subject in the GRE Quants syllabus. It covers line properties, isosceles, equilateral, and other polygons, circles, and their numerous characteristics, Pythagorean theorems, and the concepts of area, perimeter, and volume. For your GRE preparation, you must download some GRE exam syllabus PDFs and even try to take a GRE sample paper for a better understanding of the GRE exam.


GRE Verbal Syllabus

The GRE Verbal section or GRE Verbal Reasoning measures test takers’ ability to:

  • analyze and evaluate written material in the form of sentences, paragraphs, and passages
  • synthesize information obtained from this material
  • analyze relationships among component parts of sentences, and
  • recognize relationships among words and concepts


List of Topics Covered Under the GRE Verbal Syllabus

  • Basic Sentence structure: Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives
  • Verb Tense
  • Idioms & Idiomatic Expressions
  • Pronoun Agreement
  • Subject-Verb Agreement
  • Modifiers
  • Parallelism


Concepts and Skills Required for the GRE Verbal Section


Test takers are expected to have an extensive stock of words. Sentence Equivalence and Text Completion questions require students to choose the best word/words for the blank/blanks in a given sentence or paragraph. Learning an entire dictionary is definitely not recommended, students need access to a reliable list of frequently tested words on the GRE, and at the same time work on strategies required for these vocabulary-based questions. A command vocabulary is indispensable if a student wants to do well in the GRE Verbal section but is not confident about the GRE vocabulary then Manya GRE WordsApp is the ideal and best-suited app for you.

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Reading Ability

There are no prescribed books that a student can read to prepare for this test. While passages from different genres are given in this section, what matters is how carefully you read the passages and answer the questions based on what you have read. Consistent timed practice using reliable material and taking full-length tests are ways in which you can improve your scores. Just reading and comprehending do not get your points. Thus, the section actually turns out to test your ability to answer the questions rather than just your ability to read and comprehend.

GRE Quantitative Syllabus

The GRE Quantitative Reasoning measures the GRE math syllabus and assesses High school mathematics and statistics – basic mathematical skills, and understanding of elementary mathematical concepts. It does not include trigonometry, calculus, or other higher-level mathematics. The GRE allows using a calculator in the Math section, however, not all questions require you to use the calculator.

Some of the quant questions are based on real-life scenarios while other questions are based on pure mathematical settings.


Topics That are Tested on the GRE Quant Section Are:

  • Arithmetic topics include properties and types of integers, such as divisibility, factorization, prime numbers, remainders, and odd and even integers; arithmetic operations, exponents, and roots; and concepts such as estimation, percent, ratio, rate, absolute value, the number line, decimal representation and sequences of numbers.
  • Algebra topics include operations with exponents; factoring and simplifying algebraic expressions; relations, functions, equations, and inequalities; solving linear and quadratic equations and inequalities; solving simultaneous equations and inequalities; setting up equations to solve word problems;  and coordinate geometry, including graphs of functions, equations, and inequalities, intercepts, and slopes of lines.
  • Geometry topics include parallel and perpendicular lines, circles, triangles, quadrilaterals, other polygons, congruent and similar figures, three-dimensional figures, area, and perimeter, volume, the Pythagorean Theorem and angle measurement in degrees.
  • Data analysis topics include descriptive statistics, such as mean, median, mode, range, standard deviation, inter-quartile range, quartiles, and percentiles; interpretation of data in tables and graphs, such as line graphs, bar graphs, circle graphs, box plots, scatter-plots, and frequency distributions; elementary probability of compound events and independent events; random variables and probability distributions, including normal distributions; and counting methods such as combinations, permutations, and Venn diagram.

Understanding the basic math concepts of the topics mentioned above is the required skill for the GRE Quant section.


GRE Analytical Writing Syllabus

The GRE Analytical Writing measures test takers’ ability:

  • In critical thinking and analytical writing skills
  • To articulate and support complex ideas
  • To construct and evaluate arguments
  • To sustain a focused and coherent discussion

There are two tasks in this section:

  • Analyze an Issue
  • Analyze an Argument

The tasks come from a wide range of subjects – from the fine arts and humanities to the social and physical sciences – but no task requires specific content knowledge.


The GRE Tests the Ability Via the Following Question Types

Reading Comprehension

About half of the questions on the test are Reading comprehension which is based on passages and the number of questions based on a given passage can range from one to six. Passages are taken from the physical sciences, biological sciences, social sciences, arts and humanities, and everyday topics, based on material found in books and periodicals, both academic and non-academic.


Sentence Equivalence

These questions test the ability to reach a conclusion about how a passage should be completed on the basis of partial information. Sentence Equivalence questions consist of a single sentence with just one blank, and they ask to find two choices that both lead to a complete, coherent sentence and that produce sentences with the same meaning.


Text Completion

Skilled reader maintains a constant attitude of interpretation and evaluation, reasoning from what they have read so far to create a picture of the whole and revise that picture as they go. Text completion questions test this ability by omitting crucial words from short passages and asking the test taker to use the remaining information in the passage as a basis for selecting words or short phrases to fill in the blanks and create a coherent and meaningful one.
Vocabulary is a highly required skill for answering Sentence Equivalence and Text completion questions.

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GRE Subject Test Syllabus and Question Types 

The GRE Subject Test lasts for 2 hours 50 minutes and the only question type is Multiple Choice Questions. Here is the list of topics in each subject along with the question numbers.


GRE Math Syllabus (66 Questions)

  • Algebra
  • Calculus
  • Additional Topics


GRE Physics Syllabus (100 Questions)

  • Classical Mechanics
  • Electromagnetism
  • Optics and Wave Phenomena
  • Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics
  • Quantum Mechanics
  • Atomic Physics
  • Special Relativity
  • Laboratory Methods
  • Specialized Topics


GRE Psychology Syllabus (205 Questions)

  • Biological
  • Cognitive
  • Developmental
  • Social
  • Clinical
  • Measurement/Methodology/Other


How to Prepare for the GRE?

The suggested timeline for preparing for your GRE is at least four to twelve weeks depending on your speed and the daily commitment to your studies. You can follow the tips below and plan your preparations accordingly:

  1. Know Your Base Score: Before beginning, take a full-length practice test available online and see where you stand if you were to take the actual test today. This will help you determine the topics you need to work on.
  2. Set Your Target Score: Mark out your prospective universities and note the score you need to apply with them. This way, you will know your goal and be able to work towards it.
  3. Plan Your Ascend: It’s going to take some research to arrive at the perfect plan that will help you rise from your base score to the target score. Look at online testimonials of successful students and follow what suits you best.
  4. Focus on Technique: Besides having a result-oriented approach, you should certainly pay attention to how you approach each question. Find out the techniques you use to solve the problems and work on bettering them.
  5. Review Your Performance: Always analyze how you did in the practice tests, search for the patterns in your mistakes, and the questions you consistently have problems with. You will see how useful that is.
  6. Vocabulary is Key: One way to enrich your vocabulary is by reading reputed academic journals and publications. The Internet will help you do this easily. Having a strong vocabulary takes you a long way in your GRE journey.


How is the GRE Exam Scored?

After completing the GRE, you will receive three scores: Quantitative Reasoning, Verbal Reasoning, and Analytical Writing. Both Quantitative Reasoning and Verbal Reasoning have a score scale of 130-170, with one-point increments. Your unofficial scores for both of these sections will appear on your computer screen immediately after you finish the test.

The Analytical Writing section has a score range of 0-6, with half-point increments. This score, along with your official scores for the other two sections, will be available online about 10-15 days after you complete the GRE. When they become available, you will receive an email informing you to check your My GRE account.


GRE General Test Score Range

GRE Section Name GRE Score Range
GRE quantitative reasoning 130-170 with 1 point increment
GRE verbal reasoning 130-170 with 1 point increment
GRE analytical writing assessment 0-6 with 0.5 point increment
GRE total score 260-340


What Should One Do After Attempting GRE?

GRE is generally taken by students who are willing to study abroad. After taking the GRE the score you obtain is valid for 5 years from the date of the test. Having a GRE score in hand is a vital part of getting admission into top institutes abroad. While applying to a university abroad there are certain documents that an applicant has to submit which are a letter of recommendation, statement of purpose, academic qualifications, extracurricular activities, and many more. After giving the GRE and getting the results, if the results are what you wanted and you are happy with them you should not waste any more time and start refining your resume as it plays a vital part in your study abroad admission process. Another major and important step of the study abroad process is to make a list of the universities you wish to apply to and gather information about what documents the university requires while applying as each university can have different requirements.

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What is the GRE exam pattern for general tests?

The GRE Exam pattern consists of three major parts: – GRE Analytical Writing Assessment, GRE Verbal, and GRE Quants. The analytical writing section has two essays- Issue and Argument. The GRE Quants syllabus includes Algebra, Arithmetic, Geometry, and Data analysis. The Verbal section consists of Reading Comprehension, Sentence Equivalence, and Text Completion.

What are the topics in GRE?

The GRE Verbal section tests the student’s ability to analyze and summarize the passages, sentences, or phrases that appear on the test. This section also requires the student to recognize relationships between concepts and words representing them.

The topics covered in the quants sections include Algebra, Arithmetic, Geometry, and Data Analysis.

The GRE Analytical Writing Assessment section comprises of Issue and Argument Essays

How many sections are there for GRE?

There are six sections on the GRE. The first section is the GRE AWA section where the student has to write two essays. The remaining sections include two verbal sections, two math sections and a research or an unscored experimental section. There is no fixed order in which these remaining five sections appear. The experimental section can be a math or a verbal section.

Is vocabulary a part of the GRE latest syllabus?

Vocabulary is an essential part of the GRE latest syllabus. The Text Completion and the Sentence Equivalence questions test the vocab skills of the test takers and these questions form fifty percent of the GRE verbal section.

What is the syllabus of GRE Verbal Reasoning?

The GRE Verbal section tests the student’s ability to analyze and summarize the passages, sentences, or phrases that appear on the test. This section also requires the student to recognize relationships between concepts and words representing them. This section comprises Reading Comprehension, Text Completion, and Sentence Equivalence questions.

What is the syllabus of GRE Quantitative Reasoning?

The GRE quantitative reasoning section tests the student’s ability to create mathematical models to solve real-world and theoretical problems. The topics covered in the quants sections include Algebra, Arithmetic, Geometry, and Data Analysis.

What is the syllabus of GRE Analytical Writing?

The AWA section evaluates the student’s ability to build and evaluate arguments. In the Issue essay, the test takers have to give their view on a popular topic. They should give reasons and examples while constructing the point. The argument essay involves evaluating the logical soundness of the argument provided for analysis.

What is the syllabus of GRE for MBA?

There is no specific GRE syllabus for MBA. The GRE is a standardized test that assesses a candidate’s readiness for graduate-level education. It consists of three sections: Verbal Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning, and Analytical Writing. While there is no specific GRE syllabus for MBA, it is advisable to familiarize yourself with the content and skills assessed in each section of the GRE.

How long will it take to cover the GRE General Test syllabus?

Covering the GRE General test may take nearly two to three months of learning and practising. The student should plan to spend two or three hours every day practicing.

What Are The Skills Tested In GRE?

  1. Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA)
  2. Quantitative Reasoning
  3. Verbal Reasoning

What Is The New GRE Exam Syllabus?

In August 2011, the revised GRE pattern was launched. This is largely considered to be the most significant change in pattern in the exam’s history. The GRE Quantitative, GRE Verbal, and AWA portions of the New GRE Pattern are scored on a scale of 260–340, with a 0–6 rating for the Analytical Writing section.

What Is The Difference Between GRE Syllabus 2022 And GRE Syllabus 2023?

If you’re looking for a quick comparison of the GRE Syllabus for 2022 and 2023, there aren’t any. If you are familiar with the previous year’s syllabus, you are good to go on the previous year’s syllabus alone.

The GRE exam pattern is:


GRE Exam Section Number of Questions Duration
Analytical Writing Analyse an Issue. Analyse an Argument. 30 minutes for each task
Verbal reasoning 2 sections of 20 questions each 30 minutes for each section
Quantitative reasoning 2 sections of 20 questions each 35 minutes for each section
Unscored section Questions vary Time varies
Research section (Excl. for Ph. D & Post Docs.) Questions vary Time varies

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