What Does the GRE Test?
GRE exam syllabus measures verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, critical thinking, and analytical writing skills that are necessary for success in higher education. The GRE exam syllabus is composed of three sections – GRE Analytical Writing, GRE Verbal Reasoning, and GRE Quantitative Reasoning. ETS, who develops the GRE gives an overview of the syllabus covered in these three sections which help us to understand the content and skills required for the GRE exam.
Countries Accepting GRE
- New Zealand
GRE Test Format
The GRE exam is divided into two sections: the GRE General Test and the GRE Subject Test. Each person’s GRE syllabus is unique.
GRE General Test: The GRE General Test is a standard examination that assesses students’ verbal, mathematical, and analytical writing abilities.
GRE Subject Test: A GRE Subject Test may be required by the college for more specialised courses, as the GRE Subject Test concentrates on judging the candidate’s proficiency in specific disciplines.
GRE Test Duration
|GRE Section Name||Duration|
|GRE quantitative reasoning||1 hour and 10 minutes (35 minutes for each section)|
|GRE verbal reasoning||1 hour (30 minutes for each section)|
|GRE analytical writing assessment||1 hour (30 minutes for each section)|
|Total||3 hours and 10 minutes|
GRE Exam Eligibility
If you are applying for the GRE exam, the very first thing is to find the GRE exam eligibility criteria for admission in the institutes and universities abroad. You need to check if your dream university accepts GRE scores. After fulfilling the GRE exam eligibility criteria of the program or the university, you should go for the GRE registration process to take the GRE General Test. You must note that the eligibility criteria of each university/institute are different therefore it is suggested to refer to the eligibility criteria of the university you are planning to apply for.
Read More: GRE Eligibility Criteria 2022
GRE Exam Dates
The GRE is conducted at about 1000 test centers in more than 160 countries. It is offered as a computer-delivered test year-round at most locations around the world and as a paper-delivered where computer-delivered testing is not available.
In India, GRE is a computer-delivered test and it is administered on all days, throughout the year.
Read More: GRE Exam Dates 2022
GRE Verbal Syllabus:
The GRE Verbal section or GRE Verbal Reasoning measure test takers ability to:
- analyze and evaluate written material in the form of sentences, paragraphs, and passages
- synthesize information obtained from this material
- analyze relationships among component parts of sentences, and
- recognize relationships among words and concepts
List of Topics Covered Under the GRE Verbal Syllabus
- Basic Sentence structure: Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives
- Verb Tense
- Idioms & Idiomatic Expressions
- Pronoun Agreement
- Subject-Verb Agreement
Concepts and Skills Required for the GRE Verbal Section:
Test takers are expected to possess an extensive repertoire of words. Sentence Equivalence and Text Completion questions require students to choose the best word/words for the blank/blanks in a given sentence or paragraph. Learning an entire dictionary is definitely not recommended, students need access to a reliable list of frequently tested words on the GRE, and at the same time work on strategies required for these vocabulary-based questions. A command vocabulary is indispensable if a student wants to do well in the GRE Verbal section but not confident about the GRE vocabulary then Manya GRE WordsApp is the ideal and best-suited app for you.
There are no prescribed books that a student can read to prepare for this test. While passages from different genres are given in this section, what matters is how carefully you read the passages and answer the questions based on what you have read. Consistent timed practice using reliable material and taking full-length tests are ways in which you can improve your scores. Just reading and comprehending do not get you points. Thus, the section actually turns out to be a test of your ability to answer the questions rather than just your ability to read and comprehend.
The GRE Tests the Above Ability Via the Following Question Types:
About half of the questions on the test are Reading comprehension which are based on passages and the number of questions based on a given passage can range from one to six. Passages are taken from the physical sciences, biological sciences, social sciences, arts and humanities, everyday topics, based on material found in books and periodicals, both academic and non-academic.
These questions test the ability to reach a conclusion about how a passage should be completed on the basis of partial information. Sentence Equivalence questions consist of a single sentence with just one blank, and they ask to find two choices that both lead to a complete, coherent sentence and that produce sentences with the same meaning.
A skilled reader maintains a constant attitude of interpretation and evaluation, reasoning from what they have read so far to create a picture of the whole and revising that picture as they go. Text completion questions test this ability by omitting crucial words from short passages and asking the test taker to use the remaining information in the passage as a basis for selecting words or short phrases to fill the blanks and create a coherent and meaningful one.
Vocabulary is the highly required skill for answering the Sentence Equivalence and Text completion questions.
GRE Quantitative Syllabus:
The GRE Quantitative Reasoning measure the GRE assesses High school mathematics and statistics – basic mathematical skills, understanding of elementary mathematical concepts. It does not include trigonometry, calculus or other higher-level mathematics. The GRE allows the use of a calculator in the Math section, however not all questions require you to use the calculator.
Some of the quant questions are based on real-life scenarios while other questions are based on pure mathematical settings.
Topics That are Tested on the GRE Quant Section Are:
- Arithmetic-topics include properties and types of integers, such as divisibility, factorization, prime numbers, remainders, and odd and even integers; arithmetic operations, exponents and roots; and concepts such as estimation, percent, ratio, rate, absolute value, the number line, decimal representation and sequences of numbers.
- Algebra-topics include operations with exponents; factoring and simplifying algebraic expressions; relations, functions, equations and inequalities; solving linear and quadratic equations and inequalities; solving simultaneous equations and inequalities; setting up equations to solve word problems; and coordinate geometry, including graphs of functions, equations, and inequalities, intercepts, and slopes of lines.
- Geometry-topics include parallel and perpendicular lines, circles, triangles, quadrilaterals, other polygons, congruent and similar figures, three-dimensional figures, area, and perimeter, volume, the Pythagorean Theorem and angle measurement in degrees.
- Data analysis-topics include descriptive statistics, such as mean, median, mode, range, standard deviation, inter-quartile range, quartiles, and percentiles; interpretation of data in tables and graphs, such as line graphs, bar graphs, circle graphs, box-plots, scatter-plots, and frequency distributions; elementary probability of compound events and independent events; random variables and probability distributions, including normal distributions; and counting methods such as combinations, permutations, and Venn diagram.
Understanding the basic math concepts of the topics mentioned above is the required skills for the GRE Quant section.
Very often on the GRE exam, a question is tricky rather than hard. Therefore, careful reading and a systematic approach with techniques & strategies can get you a great score.
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GRE Analytical Writing Syllabus:
The GRE Analytical Writing measure test takers ability:
- In critical thinking and analytical writing skills
- To articulate and support complex ideas
- To construct and evaluate arguments
- To sustain a focused and coherent discussion
There are two tasks in this section:
- Analyze an Issue
- Analyze an Argument
The tasks come from a wide range of subjects – from the fine arts and humanities to the social and physical sciences – but no task requires specific content knowledge.
GRE Subject Test Syllabus and Question Types
The GRE Subject Test lasts for 2 hours and the only question type is Multiple Choice Questions. Here is the list of topics in each subject along with the questions numbers.
Biology Syllabus (190 Questions)
- Cellular and Molecular Biology
- Organismal Biology
- Ecology and Evolution
Chemistry Syllabus (130 Questions)
- Analytical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Physical Chemistry
Literature Syllabus (230 Questions)
- Literary Analysis
- Cultural and Historical Contexts
- History and Theory of Literary Criticism
Math Syllabus (66 Questions)
- Additional Topics
Physics Syllabus (100 Questions)
- Classical Mechanics
- Optics and Wave Phenomena
- Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics
- Quantum Mechanics
- Atomic Physics
- Special Relativity
- Laboratory Methods
- Specialized Topics
Psychology Syllabus (205 Questions)
GRE General Test Pattern
Even if you are familiar with the GRE exam pattern and syllabus and have memorised all of the answers, failing to manage time can result in an incomplete exam. It is critical to be familiar with the GRE exam pattern and syllabus at this point. Analytical Writing, Verbal Reasoning, and Quantitative Reasoning are the three primary elements of the GRE exam paper. The GRE computer-based test has a total time limit of three hours and 45 minutes.
GRE Test Pattern for Computer Delivered Test
|GRE Sections||No. of Sections||Duration|
|GRE Analytical Writing||1 section- two tasks||60 minutes|
|GRE Verbal Reasoning||2 section- 40 questions||60 minutes|
|GRE Quantitative Reasoning||2 section- 40 questions||70 minutes|
GRE Test Pattern for Paper Delivered Test
|GRE Sections||No. of Sections||Duration|
|GRE Analytical Writing||2 sections- 2 tasks||60 minutes|
|GRE Verbal Reasoning||2 sections- 50 questions||70 minutes|
|GRE Quantitative Reasoning||2 sections- 50 questions||80 minutes|
GRE General Test Syllabus And Question Types
The general test is broken into three components under the revised GRE exam pattern and syllabus. These are the following:
- Writing Analytically
- Quantitative Analysis
- Reasoning with words
The first two components of the GRE syllabus, GRE Quantitative Reasoning, and GRE Analytical Writing are well-defined, while the syllabus for the GRE Reasoning section is confusing. Let’s have a look at what each segment is made up of to get a better idea of the material that will be covered. Geometry is likely the most difficult subject in the quants curriculum. It covers line properties, isosceles, equilateral, and other polygons, circles, and their numerous characteristics, Pythagorean theorems, and the concepts of area, perimeter, and volume. For your GRE preparation, you must download some GRE Syllabus PDF and even try to take a GRE sample paper for a better understanding of the GRE exam.
GRE General Test Score Range
|GRE Section Name||GRE Score Range|
|GRE quantitative reasoning||130-170 with 1 point increment|
|GRE verbal reasoning||130-170 with 1 point increment|
|GRE analytical writing assessment||0-6 with 0.5 point increment|
|GRE total score||260-340|
What Should One do After Attempting GRE?
GRE is generally taken by students who are willing to study abroad. After taking the GRE the score you obtain is valid for 5 years from the date of the test. Having a GRE score in hand is a vital part of getting admission into top institutes abroad. While applying to a university abroad there are certain documents that an applicant has to submit which are a letter of recommendation, statement of purpose, academic qualifications, extracurricular activities, and many more. After giving the GRE and getting the results, if the results are what you wanted and you are happy with them you should not waste any more time and start refining your resume as it plays a vital part in your study abroad admission process. Another major and important step of the study abroad process is to make a list of the universities you wish to apply to and gather information about what documents the university requires while applying as each university can have different requirements.
Contact our counselors to know more about the GRE and take a free diagnostic test to get started on your GRE preparation.