A full-time Bachelor’s degree program in Canada is for four years of full-time study depending on the course, specialization. Educational institutions offer degrees, diplomas, and certificates, depending on the type of institute, program, and duration. Universities normally are authorised to award degree programs. Colleges mostly offer associate degrees and other institutes generally offer skill oriented diplomas and certificates.
In Canada, the Provincial government controls the education system while the Federal government oversees the overall functioning of it. Both public and private education institutes, universities and colleges are open to international students. However, provincial governments may not necessarily regulate private schools everywhere in Canada.
Eligibility Criteria for UG Program in Canada:
Canadian universities/colleges use a minimum Grade Point Average score to assess academic eligibility of applicants to study in Canada. GPA is a standard method of calculating a student’s average grade for her/his study period in high school. Universities/colleges have metrics to convert Indian divisions to GPA scores.
Apart from GPA to qualify, international students need to appear for standardized entrance exams/tests to study in Canada.
IELTS- International English Language Testing System is an international standardized test of English language proficiency for non-native English speakers. In the test speaking, listening, reading and writing abilities in the English language is tested for aspirants who want to study or work in an English speaking environment.
TOEFL- Test of English as a Foreign Language is an internationally accepted standardized test of English language proficiency for those who want to study and work abroad. The test evaluates student’s reading, listening, speaking, and writing skills in the English Language.
The minimum TOEFL iBT score in the range of 70-89 and IELTS score in the range of 6-7 is considered good for applying to Canadian universities/colleges. Both TOEFL and IELTS scores are valid for 2 years.
Other than academic performance, criteria like extracurricular activities, leadership skills, SOP, letter of recommendation are taken into account by the universities/colleges before accepting an application for admission.
Intake & Application Deadlines
There are two major intakes by the universities/colleges in Canada for undergraduate programs:
For Fall in the month of September
For Winter in the month of January
Diploma programs in colleges will generally have Intakes in the month of
January, May, August/September
University and college students are advised to apply a year before their intended start date of study for proper documentation and timely submission of applications.
In Canada, the education system is primarily controlled by the provincial government because of which, students may see policy variation among universities depending on their province. The tuition fee may also vary depending on the type of course and its duration. On average tuition fees for Full-time undergraduate degrees can range from CAD is 14,000-25,000 per year.
There are many scholarships available for international students pursuing undergraduate programs in Canada. Being highly competitive these are awarded on a merit basis. A few of them are Canadian Commonwealth Scholarship and Fellowship Plan, York University International Scholarship, University of British Columbia Scholarships for International Students, Vancouver Island University International Regional Scholarship.
Types of Undergraduate Education in Canada
A typical certificate program in Canada involves three to eight academic months of post-secondary study in a single subject. These programs are meant to impart skills and knowledge for an entry-level occupation.
College or University Diploma
Over 200 institutions offer postsecondary diplomas in Canada. College diplomas most often comprise a minimum of two full-time academic years of specialized post-secondary study. Like certificate programs, diploma programs are mainly developed to meet specific demands of industrial or technical skills.
Associate Degree: These are typically two-year full-time study programs in the field of science, humanities and social science. The degree is equivalent to the first two years of a four-year university degree. A student can convert an associate degree to a bachelor’s degree, using the credits earned to enrol in a program at a university/college authorised to award a bachelor’s degree.
Bachelor Degree: Most of the universities in Canada offer a three-year and four-year bachelor’s degree program as a standard practice. They require 90 and 120 credits for completion, respectively. Bachelor’s degrees can be awarded by authorised universities only. There are some colleges that have been granted the authority to offer bachelor degrees.
Types of Higher Education Institutes in Canada
Degree-granting – At the post-secondary level, Canada has universities, university colleges, colleges, institutes of technology, and specialized institutes that have the authority to offer degree-level programs. They have a wide range of courses with an equal focus on teaching and research.
Non-Degree granting-These institutions are either recognized public colleges or are private registered ones that offer vocational programs in a wide range of academic and technical fields. These institutes can be community colleges, colleges of applied arts and technology, institute of technology and advanced learning, private academies and institutes. These colleges may also offer short term courses that last between several weeks to several months.
Why choose Canada for UG?
High Academic Standards
The Canadian government has education as one of its primary focus which has resulted in Canada emerging as a preferred study abroad destination for international students. Steadily for years, Canadian universities have been amongst the top 50 best universities around the world. Consistency in high-quality education, teachers and resources supported with a strong framework for higher education, has made Canada a popular choice for postsecondary education.
Canada is a developed nation, however education cost for an international student here is less compared to other western developed nations such as the UK and the USA. The tuition fee, living cost, health insurance all put together are significantly low compared to other countries. Here public and private institutes both alike extend financial support to students in the form of grants and scholarships.
Canada is known for its immigration friendly policies. Students studying inCanada find it easier to adjust here as it is has a diverse society comprising of different cultures. This makes life in Canada easy for international students as they find ample support from their communities.
Strong Employment Prospects
Canada encourages students to find employment opportunities within Canada post their studies. Students with work permits can stay in Canada for up to 3 years to work after completing their studies. Canada is known to be a technologically advanced nation. It is emerging as a hub for industries based on advanced technologies like blockchain and artificial intelligence, generating numerous employment opportunities. Canadian degrees are internationally recognized, which opens up plenty of opportunities for students graduating from Canadian universities to work in reputed global companies across the world.
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Quick Facts to Know
Education system in Canada
The Education system in Canada is highly decentralized. The Federal government oversees the education system but it is controlled by the provincial governments. Due to this reason, students applying to study in Canada may see a difference in university/college policies from one province to another.
Some universities may accept applications through a centralized system while others may require students to apply directly to the college/university. It is recommended to check with individual universities/colleges before applying.
Designated learning Institutes
Applicants must make sure to study in Canada they apply to an institute that is on the designated learning institutes (DLI) list. A designated learning institution is a school approved by a provincial or territorial government to host international students.
The Government of Canada does not pay for the medical costs of foreign students. Health coverage for foreign students varies between provinces. Students should check with universities/colleges individually to get detailed information on medical coverage for international students.
Work while studying
Students while studying full time on a student permit visa can work up to 20 hours a week on or off-campus. If a study program includes co-op or internship placement, students are required to get a work permit and meet all the requirements before taking up any work.
Popular Fields of Study in UG Courses
- Engineering- Civil, Mechanical, Petroleum, Agriculture, Biomedicine, Software, Chemical
- Information Technology
- Medicine & Healthcare
- Business Administration &Management
- Hospitality Management
Top Institutes for UG in Canada
According to the 2020 Times Higher Education World University Rankings following are the top universities in Canada for Undergraduate Degree programs:
University of Toronto
The University of Toronto (UofT), offers over 200 postgraduate degree programs. With a longstanding reputation for innovation and research, it counts five Canadian prime ministers among its former students and associations with 10 Nobel laureates.
University of British Columbia
The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a global centre for teaching, learning, and research, consistently ranked among the top 20 public universities in the world. UBC has two campuses — one in Vancouver and the other in Kelowna. UBC researchers work with industry, university, and government partners to advance knowledge and create countless new products, treatments, and services.
McGill is the oldest university in Montreal with 11 faculties and schools. McGill has an alumni network of roughly 250,000 that consists of 12 Nobel Prize winners and 140 Rhodes Scholars, more than any other university in the country.
One of four Canadian universities consistently ranked in the world’s top 100, McMaster has a proud tradition of academic and research excellence, evidenced by the achievements of the best and brightest whose ranks include three Nobel Prize winners, global business leaders, technological innovators, prominent politicians, public intellectuals, philanthropists and performers.
University of Montreal
The University of Montreal is a leading research university with its affiliated schools, Polytechnique Montreal (engineering), and HEC Montreal (business), it also one of the largest universities in North America. Many renowned laboratories were born at the University of Montreal, including MILA, the world’s leading university research center in deep learning; the Institute for Research in Immunology and Cancer (IRIC), one of the most productive in its domain; and the Centre de recherche en Droit public (CRDP), the most comprehensive public-law research centre in Canada.
University of Alberta
The University of Alberta is a public research university in Canada. According to the school, it has graduated 75 Rhodes scholars and boasts more than 200 undergraduate programs and more than 500 graduate programs. The university offers French instruction at the Faculté Saint-Jean, which provides courses in arts, science, education, commerce, engineering, nursing, conservation, and environmental sciences and is also well known for its paleontology research.
Average Median Salaries for UG Graduates
Human Resources- $48,000
Financial Services- $52,000
IT & Software Development $53,000
Consulting, Accounting & Professional Services- $61,000
Top Industries to Choose
- Information Technology
- Banking & Financial Services
- Aerospace & Defence
- Engineering & Manufacturing
- Drugs & Biotechnology
- Transportation & logistics
Post Study Stay Back Options
International students who complete their post-secondary education in Canada may apply for a Post-Graduation Work Permit, or PGWP, in order to gain Canadian work experience.
The PGWP allows eligible international graduates to work in Canada after their studies for a period of up to three years.
The Government of Canada provides the Post-Graduation Work Permit to international students to retain them as skilled workers. The program provides an open work permit, which allows international graduates to work for any Canadian employer in any industry. Government policies are geared towards making it easy for students to apply for PR in Canada, when applicable.
To know more about how to plan your study in Canada talk to our counselors at manyagroup.