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TOEFL Test Pattern

toefl

The Educational Testing Service (ETS) is the body that conducts the TOEFL with an aim to measure the level of proficiency of a non-native English speaker to communicate in English in all forms, whether reading, writing, speaking or listening.

To assess your ability to communicate, the test is divided into four sections, namely the Listening, Reading, Speaking, and Writing which extend over duration of four and a half hours.

  • The overall TOEFL score ranges from 0 to 120
  • The overall score and sectional scores will be sent to you after you complete the test

As a test taker, you will be required to solve integrated tasks that combine more than one skill. For example, a section might have a passage to read after which an audio recording of a lecture or a discussion based on the passage will be played and then you might be asked to verbally answer the questions or summarize depending on the section. Let us take a closer and detailed look at each of the sections.

READING

  • Duration: 60-80 minutes
  • Score range: 0 to 30
  • Total number of questions: 36 to 56
  • May have three or four passages
  • Each passage is followed by a set of questions based on the passage which need to be answered

LISTENING

  • Duration: 60-90 minutes
  • Score range: 0 to 30
  • Total number of questions: 34 to 51
  • You will be required to carefully listen to audio recordings of academic lectures, classroom discussions, and conversations
  • Each recording will have questions based on the lectures/discussions which will need to be answered

SPEAKING

  • Duration: 20 minutes
  • Score range: 0 to 30
  • Total number of speaking tasks: 6
  • You will be required to express your opinion on a familiar topic
  • You will be required to speak based on the listening and reading tasks
  • 3 sections with 2 questions in each section.
  • Section 1Part 1: Personal Preference; Part 2: Choose an option. You will get a few seconds to prepare and then speak.
  • Section 2Part 1: Campus Conversation – Reading + listening and then speaking – You will be required to read a short passage, listen to a conversation between two people on the topic read and then speak; Part 2: Academic Lecture – You will be required to read a short passage about a specific topic, listen to a lecture related to the topic read and then speak or summarize the topic that was read and heard.
  • Section 3Part 1: Listening and Speaking – Campus Conversation – You will be required to listen to a conversation and then speak about the problem discussed and provide your opinion on the problem discussed; Part 2: Academic Lecture – You will be required to listen to an academic lecture and summarize the lecture.

WRITING

  • Duration: 50 minutes
  • Score range: 0 to 30
  • You will be required to write essay responses based on the reading and listening tasks
  • You will be required to support an opinion in writing
  • Total number of writing tasks: 2
  • Task 1 – You will need to read a passage on a specific topic, listen to a lecture about the topic read and then write an essay summarizing the points in the passage and the lecture.
  • Task 2 – You will be required to provide your view points or provide a response as required for the specific task.

You will get a mandatory break for 10 minutes after the Reading and Listening sections. According to a certain modification done in March 2013, the Listening and Speaking sections of the TOEFL iBT includes different accents of Native English speakers besides those from North America. You may listen to people with different accents from the UK, New Zealand or Australia. The test and scoring patterns remain unchanged and are consistent across the globe. The TOEFL does not follow any particular syllabus, so the test-takers need to focus on developing the skills required to complete the modules/sections successfully and need not refer to any particular subject.

Manya-The Princeton Review provides comprehensive training for students planning to take the TOEFL iBT well in advance so that they can develop the necessary skills to ace all sections of the test successfully