The Critical Reasoning (CR) section of the GMAT is often a reason to worry for students. A CR argument is usually structured into facts, which is referred to as a premise, and a conclusion. While practicing CR questions, the candidate must be able to identify the parts of the argument.
5 Common Type Of Questions Asked In GMAT Critical Reasoning
- Type 1: Strengthen the Argument which asks the candidate to choose the statement or piece of evidence that would support, bolster, or add to the argument in the given passage
- Type 2: Weaken the Argument/ Find the Flaw which asks the candidate to either select the fact or piece of evidence that would most effectively undermine the given argument or to find the logical flaw in the given argument’s reasoning
- Type 3: Find the Assumption which asks the candidate to select the answer choice with the information that must be true (the ‘assumption’) in order for the given argument to be accurate.
- Type 4: Inference which asks the candidate to make inferences – draw logical conclusions – based on the evidence in the given passage.
- Type 5: Paradox which asks the candidate to choose the answer that explains the paradox in the given argument.
4 Most Important Tips By Experts For GMAT Reasoning Section
Here are some tips that can help you ace the CR questions on the GMAT exam:
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- Go through the question before you read the argument
When you read the question, you must start thinking about the category or the type (mentioned above) which the CR question falls under. This will help you figure out exactly what must you be looking for in your answer choices. It is important that the candidate reads the question to find the assumption of the argument if the CR question is of Type I, 2 or 3.
- Think carefully about what is being asked
Once you read the question, try to breakdown and understand what are you being asked. Are you being asked to draw a conclusion based on a given set of information or do you have to reconcile two contradictory statements? This will determine how must you deal with the answer choices.
- When in doubt, do not pick the most extreme answer
In all CR questions, GMAT gives one correct answer and four other tempting and potentially confusing statements. The extreme or absolute choices given are clearly a red flag, hence do not choose them. Avoid answer choices which contain words like only, never, best, worst, all or none; they are most of the times incorrect.
- Do not choose the option which contains any information that is not relevant to the information in the passage
Everything that you need to know to answer the question is given in the passage. There is no reason to choose something that isn’t given in the passage. If the answer is off-topic or addresses a tangential issue, then that might be a red flag.