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Know How GMAT Scores Are Calculated

 

The Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) is an assessment test taken by students who are aspiring to pursue a management course at one of the business schools around the world. Almost every business school has a similar application process with students applying their candidature with an application form along with their GMAT score.

The GMAT exam is a computer adaptive test. It has 4 sections – Quantitative Reasoning, Verbal Reasoning, Integrated Reasoning, and Analytical Writing Analysis (AWA).

GMAT preparation helps candidates to gain a thorough understanding of the GMAT exam syllabus. GMAT preparation requires at least two months and up to six months to finish the entire GMAT course. Diagnostic tests are essential for GMAT preparation. Candidates identify their strengths and weaknesses based on their GMAT scores. GMAT preparation tips assist aspirants in understanding the GMAT quantitative and GMAT verbal concepts prior to the exam.

Almost all GMAT aspirants ask how the GMAT is scored and how the percentiles are calculated. Before we go into the calculation part, we must know that a test taker gets two score reports – an unofficial one and an official one.

 

GMAT Score and Percentile

The GMAT score ranges from 200 to 800, with each GMAT score corresponding to a percentile statistic. The same is true for the Quantitative, Verbal, IR, and AWA sections of the GMAT. Your score will be converted into a percentile for each of these sub-sections.

 

How to Convert GMAT Score into Percentile Ranking?

A Percentile Ranking is also included in GMAT scores. This figure represents the percentage of test participants who you outperformed” says GMAC about the GMAT scores and percentiles.

They explained that while your GMAT score will remain the same, your Percentile Ranking may change since GMAT Percentiles are recalculated every summer using exam data from the previous three years.

The percentile associated with a GMAT score refers to the number of persons you outperformed by achieving that score.
A total GMAT score of 750, for example, is in the 98th percentile. This means that if you obtain a 750 on the GMAT, you will have outperformed 98 percent of GMAT test takers.

The GMAT score ranges from 200 to 800, with each GMAT score corresponding to a percentile statistic. The same is true for the Quantitative, Verbal, IR, and AWA sections of the GMAT. Your score will be converted into a percentile for each of these sub-sections.

GMAT Score GMAT Percentile
800 99%
790 99%
780 99%
770 99%
760 99%
750 98%
740 97%
730 96%
720 94%
710 91%
700 88%
690 85%
680 81%
670 80%
660 76%
650 72%
640 66%
630 64%
620 61%
610 57%
600 53%

 

Unofficial GMAT Score Report

It is the one which you will receive immediately after finishing your test. It includes the following scores:

  1. IR score on a scale of 1 to 8 along with percentile
  2. Quantitative score on a scale of 0 to 60 along with percentile
  3. Verbal score on a scale of 0 to 60 along with percentile
  4. Total GMAT score on a scale of 200 to 800 along with percentile

Related Blog Post: What is the Right Time to Take the GMAT?

This is how it looks like:

UNOFFICIAL GMAT® SCORE REPORT

GMAT Exam Pattern Scaled Score Percentile**
Integrated Reasoning Score on a scale of 1-8 Percentile Ranking
Quantitative Score on a scale of 0-60 Percentile Ranking
Verbal Score on a scale of 0-60 Percentile Ranking
Total* Score on a scale of 200-800 Percentile Ranking

 *Your Total score is derived from your Verbal and Quantitative scores

**The percentile ranking tables are updated every year, which means that your ranking may change as well. The most up-to-date version is available on mba.com/percentile ranking.

 

Official GMAT Score Report

This is the one which you will receive about 20 days after taking the test.

  1. Quantitative score on a scale of 0 – 60 along with percentile
  2. Verbal score on a scale of 0 – 60 along with percentile
  3. Total GMAT score on a scale of 200 – 800 along with percentile
  4. IR score on a scale of 1 – 8 along with percentile
  5. AWA score on a scale of 0 – 6 along with percentile (in half-point increment)

Related Blog Post: Guide to GMAT Inequalities

You will get to see the first four as soon as you are done taking the test (Unofficial Score Report). You will get to see the AWA score only after 20 days when you will get the official score report. You will get a mail describing how to access your GMAT Official Score Report. You can also access your GMAT Official Score Report by visiting www.mba.com/mygmat 48 hours after receiving the mail.

You must know that the scores on the scale of 200-800 comprise only the Quantitative and the Verbal score. It does not include the IR and AWA scores. IR and AWA are scored separately on the scale of 1-8 and 0-6 respectively. Thus, your GMAT scorecard will consist of 5 scores as mentioned above.

 

GMAT Scoring Grid

It is not easy to create a GMAT Scoring Grid as GMAC never reveals the way they calculate the scores on the scale of 200-800 based on the scores achieved in the Verbal and the Quantitative section of the GMAT. After some research and collecting the real GMAT scores from our students, find the following matrix to be pretty close to reality:

We have observed a slight variation in the scoring when the test is taken on different days. For example, out of two students both of whom got a 50 on the Quant section and a 35 on the Verbal section, one got an overall GMAT score of 690 and the other one got a 710. Therefore, a variation of 10 to 20 points in the total score is possible even when the two students have scored the same on the Quant and the Verbal sections of the GMAT.

 

Interpreting Your Results

Total Scores, Verbal and Quantitative Scores

GMAT scores range from 200 to 800, with two-thirds of test takers scoring in the 400-600 area. Scores range from 6 to 51 in both verbal and quantitative categories; scores below 6 and beyond 51 are rare.

Although verbal and quantitative scores are on a fixed scale and may be compared across all GMAT test administrations, they cannot be compared since they assess separate constructs.

 

Analytical Writing Assessment Score

One Analysis of an Argument essay determines the Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) score. The AWA scores range from 0 to 6 in half-point increments.

A combination of trained and approved human raters and a machine algorithm score AWA essays. If the algorithm score differs from the human score, the score will be examined by a second human rater and changed if necessary.
If you believe your AWA score is incorrect, you can use the Essay Rescore Request Form to have your essay rescored.

 

Integrated Reasoning Score

In single-digit intervals, Integrated Reasoning (IR) scores range from 1 to 8.

The majority of Integrated Reasoning questions require multiple responses. Because the questions are designed to assess your ability to integrate data to solve difficult problems, you must correctly answer all of the responses to gain credit; no partial credit is provided.

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