Almost all GMAT aspirants ask how the GMAT is scored and how the percentiles are calculated. Before we go into the calculation part, we must know that a test taker gets two score reports – an unofficial one and an official one.
Unofficial Score Report
It is the one which you will receive immediately after finishing your test. It includes the following scores:
This is how it looks like:
UNOFFICIAL GMAT® SCORE REPORT
|GMAT Exam Pattern||Scaled Score||Percentile**|
|Integrated Reasoning||Score on a scale of 1-8||Percentile Ranking|
|Quantitative||Score on a scale of 0-60||Percentile Ranking|
|Verbal||Score on a scale of 0-60||Percentile Ranking|
|Total*||Score on a scale of 200-800||Percentile Ranking|
*Your Total score is derived from your Verbal and Quantitative scores
**The percentile ranking tables are updated every year, which means that your ranking may change as well. The most up-to-date version is available on mba.com/percentile ranking.
Official Score Report
This is the one which you will receive about 20 days after taking the test.
You will get to see the first four as soon as you are done taking the test (Unofficial Score Report). You will get to see the AWA score only after 20 days when you will get the official score report. You will get a mail describing how to access your GMAT Official Score Report. You can also access your GMAT Official Score Report by visiting www.mba.com/mygmat 48 hours after receiving the mail.
You must know that the scores on the scale of 200-800 comprise only the Quantitative and the Verbal score. It does not include the IR and AWA scores. IR and AWA are scored separately on the scale of 1-8 and 0-6 respectively. Thus, your GMAT scorecard will consist of 5 scores as mentioned above.
GMAT Scoring Grid
It is not easy to create a GMAT Scoring Grid as GMAC never reveals the way they calculate the scores on the scale of 200-800 based on the scores achieved in the Quantitative and the Verbal section of the GMAT. After some research and collecting the real GMAT scores from our students, find the following matrix to be pretty close to reality:
We have observed a slight variation in the scoring when the test is taken on different days. For example, out of two students both of whom got a 50 on the Quant section and a 35 on the Verbal section, one got an overall GMAT score of 690 and the other one got a 710. Therefore, a variation of 10 to 20 points in the total score is possible even when the two students have scored the same on the Quant and the Verbal sections of the GMAT.