Coordinate geometry

Circular measure




Further differentiation



Logarithmic and exponential functions




Numerical solutions of equations

Further algebra

Further calculus


Differential equations

Complex numbers

Velocity and acceleration

Force and motion in one dimension

Forces in two dimensions
Cross-topic review exercise 1


Connected particles

General motion in a straight line
Cross-topic review exercise 2


Work and energy

The work-energy principle and power

Representation of data

Measures of central tendency

Measures of variation
Cross-topic revision exercise 1


Permutations and combinations
Cross-topic revision exercise 2

Probability distributions

The binomial and geometric distributions

The normal distribution

Probability & Statistics 2 Grade 9th

Hypothesis testing

Poisson distribution

Linear combinations of random variables
Cross-topic revision exercise 1

Continuous random variables


Interpretation of sample data


Accelerated motion



Work, energy and power


Matter and materials

Electric current

Kirchhoff’s laws

Resistance and resistivity

Practical circuits


Superposition of waves

Stationary waves

Atomic structure
P1. Practical skills for AS

Circular motion

Gravitational fields


Thermal physics

Ideal gases

Uniform electric fields

Coulomb’s law


Magnetic fields and electromagnetism

Motion of charged particles

Electromagnetic induction

Alternating currents

Quantum physics

Nuclear physics

Medical imaging

Astronomy and cosmology


Atomic structure

Electrons in atoms

Atoms, molecules and stoichiometry

Chemical bonding

States of matter

Enthalpy changes

Redox reactions


Rates of reaction


Group 2

Group 17

Nitrogen and Sulfur

Introduction to organic chemistry



Alcohols, esters, carboxylic acids

Carbonyl compounds

Practical skills for AS Level

Lattice energy


Further aspects of equilibria

Reaction kinetics

Entropy and Gibbs free energy

Transition elements

Benzene and its compounds

Carboxylic acids and their derivatives

Organic nitrogen compounds


Organic synthesis

Analytical chemistry

 Cell structure

Biological molecules


Cell membranes and transport

The mitotic cell cycle

Nucleic acid and protein synthesis

Transport in plants

Transport in mammals

Gas exchange

Infectious diseases


Practical skills for AS

Energy and respiration



Control and coordination

Inherited change

Selection and evolution

Classification, biodiversity and conservation

Genetic technology

Unit 1. Business and its Environment:
1. Enterprise
2. Business structure
3. Size of business
4. Business objectives
5. Stakeholders in a business
6. Business structure (A Level)
7. Size of business (A Level)
8. External influences on business activity (A Level)
9. External economic influences on business behaviour (A Level)

Unit 2. People in Organisations:
10. Management and leadership
11. Motivation
12. Human resource management (HRM)
13. Further Human resource management (HRM) (A Level)
14. Organisation structure (A Level)
15. Business communication (A Level)

Unit 3. Marketing:
16. What is marketing?
17. Market research
18. The marketing mix – product and price
19. The marketing mix – promotion and place
20. Marketing planning (A Level)
21. Globalisation and international marketing (A Level)

Unit 4. Operations and Project Management:
22. The nature of operations
23. Operations planning
24. Inventory management
25. Capacity utilisation (A Level)
26. Lean production and quality management (A Level)
27. Project management (A Level)

Unit 5. Finance and Accounting:
28. Business finance
29. Costs
30. Accounting fundamentals
31. Forecasting and managing cash flows
32. Costs (A Level)
33. Budgets (A Level)
34. Contents of published accounts (A Level)
35. Analysis of published accounts (A Level)
36. Investment appraisal (A Level)

Unit 6. Strategic Management:
37. What is strategic management? (A Level)
38. Strategic analysis (A Level)
39. Strategic choice (A Level)
40. Strategic implementation (A Level)

Unit 7:
41. Preparing for your examinations (A Level)

 Basic economic ideas and resource allocation

The price system and the micro economy

Government micro intervention

The macro economy

Government macro intervention

A Level: 6. Basic economic ideas and resource allocation

The price system and the micro economy

Government microeconomic intervention

The macro economy

Government macro intervention

Preparing for examinations.

1. Data, information, knowledge and processing

2. Hardware and software

3. Monitoring and control

4. E-safety and health and safety

5. The digital divide

6. Using networks

7. Expert systems

8. Spreadsheets

9. Database and file concepts

10. Sound and video editing

11. Emerging technologies

12. The role and impact of ICT

13. Networks

14. Project management

15. System life cycle

16. Graphics creation

17. Animation

18. Mail merge

19. Programming for the web

Part 1:
1. Information representation
2. Communication
3. Hardware
4. Processor fundamentals
5. System software
6. Security, privacy and data integrity
7. Ethics and ownership
8. Databases

Part 2:
9. Algorithm design and problem-solving
10. Data types and structures
11. Programming
12. Software development

Part 3:
13. Data representation
14. Communication and Internet technologies
15. Hardware and virtual machines
16. System software
17. Security
18. Artificial intelligence

Part 4:
19. Computational thinking and problem solving
20. Further programming”

1. What does the study of language and literature mean at A Level?

2. Text producers and receivers

3. Mode and genre

4. Variation, register and representation

5. Narrative

6. Language level 1: Lexis and semantics

7. Language level 2: Grammar

8. Language level 3: Phonetics, phonology and prosodics

9. Language level 4: Graphology

10. Language level 5: Pragmatics

11. Language level 6: Discourse

12. Analysing texts

13. Literature and literariness

14. Becoming an investigator

15. Remembered places

16. Imagined worlds

17. Poetic voices

18. Writing about society

19. Dramatic encounters

20. Making connections

Part 1:
AS Level
Section 1: Poetry 1
Section 2: Prose 1
Section 3: Drama 1

Part 2:
A Level
Section 4: Poetry 2
Section 5: Prose 2
Section 6: Drama 2

Part 3:
Essay skills, techniques and problem solving – for AS and A Level

1. Water and carbon cycles

2. Hot desert systems and landscapes

3. Coastal systems and landscapes

4. Hazards

5. Ecosystems under stress

6. Glacial systems and landscapes

7. Global systems and global governance

8. Changing places

9. Contemporary urban environments

10. Population and the environment

11. Resource security

12. Fieldwork

13. Geographical skills

1. Empire and the emergence of world powers, 1870 ̶ 1919

2. The League of Nations and international relations in the 1920s

3. The League of Nations and international relations in the 1930s

4. China and Japan, 1912–1945

1. Research methods

2. Biological psychology

3. Cognitive psychology

4. Psychology and learning

5. Social psychology

Themes and issues in psychology
6. Psychology and abnormality

7. Psychology of consumer behaviour

8. Psychology and health

9. Psychology and organisations

1. Sociological perspective

2. Socialisation and the creation of social identity

3. Methods of research

4. The relationship between theory and methods

5. The family

6. Education

7. Global development

8. Media

9. Religion


What is the exam syllabus for IGCSE grade 12th?

Class 11 and 12 are mostly same and offer a diverse range of subjects, including Pure Mathematics, Mechanics, Probability & Statistics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Business Studies, Economics, Information Technology, Computer Science, English Language & Literature, English Literature, Geography, History, Psychology, and Sociology. These subjects cover mathematics, sciences, humanities, and technology, providing students with a comprehensive education and the opportunity to explore various academic disciplines.

Where to download past papers of IGCSE grade 12th?

Past papers are the best way to prepare students for the experience of an examination. Past papers are available from Cambridge Primary to Cambridge Advanced and as a Cambridge school, you have access to all our past examination materials.

What are the subjects in IGCSE grade 12th?

The subject names covered in the IGCSE Class 12 curriculum:

1. Pure Mathematics 1

2. Pure Mathematics 2

3. Mechanics

4. Probability & Statistics 1

5. Probability & Statistics 2

6. Physics

7. Chemistry

8. Biology

9. Business Studies

10. Economics

And many more

What is the IGCSE exam?

The IGCSE, an English-language exam by the University of Cambridge, is globally recognized. It offers diverse opportunities for local and international study. Edexcel and OxfordAQA also offer IGCSEs. Each subject taken leads to an IGCSE qualification. Core subjects often include First Language, Second Language, Mathematics, and Sciences.

What are the advantages of IGCSE?

If you are a parent looking for the best school for your child, the options available are numerous. But the most important decision you may have to make is to choose the right board of education for your child. Recently, IGCSE board schools seem to have gained popularity and as a parent, you would definitely want to know the advantages of sending your child to one of the best IGCSE schools in India. IGCSE offers students multiple levels of advantages, some of which are : 

  • Recognition by Universities abroad 

Studying in IGCSE schools acts as a passport to the best international universities across the globe. The curriculum would definitely equip and prepare your child with the skillset necessary to tackle the challenges of academics in an international university. 

  • Focused on a learner centric approach

IGCSE places the student at the center of the course. Teaching and learning practices that are used to optimize the way a student learns is given primary attention. The individual needs and capabilities are given priority in IGCSE. 

  • Focused on Inquiry based learning 

IGCSE promotes learning through exploring and relates concepts to real life with curiosity playing a key role. Students are encouraged to investigate issues, develop questions and analyses that will help them understand the world better.

  • Belonging to a Global Community 

Cambridge teachers and students are a part of a global community that shares resources, information and ideas. This takes learning to a completely new level. 

  • Rigorous Assessment 

The assessments conducted by IGCSE are most reliable and trusted. They are fair and flexible. The assessments focus on conceptual learning, promoting the development of higher order thinking skills among the learners.

What are the subject groups in IGCSE?

In IGCSE, there are five Subject Groups with a wide range of subjects to choose from:
Group 1: Languages (First Language, Second Language, Foreign Language, etc)
Group 2: Humanities and Social Sciences (Geography, English Literature, History, etc)
Group 3: Sciences (Biology, Chemistry, Physics, etc)
Group 4: Mathematics (Mathematics, Additional Mathematics, etc)
Group 5: Creative, Technical and Vocational (Accounting, Business Studies, Computer Studies, Music, etc)

What is the IGCSE grading system?

The IGCSE grading system is well-apprehended by students and parents and recognized by universities and colleges worldwide. 7 letter grades are used in the IGCSE grading system: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, with A being the top grade.

How are IGCSE grades determined?

IGCSE grades are determined based on a student’s performance in internal and external assessments across various subjects.

Interested in ensuring that your child improves his/her
grades by studying with the best tutors?