IBDP Geography: Objective, Curriculum Models & Assessments Model


IBDP geography curriculum is under the Group 3 Individuals and Societies subject choices. IB Geography deals with the real world, and focuses on the relationship between individuals, societies and physical processes in both time and space. It aims to identify trends and patterns in this relationship. It also various ways in which people adapt and respond to change, and assesses actual and possible management strategies associated with such change.

IB Geography elaborates on the similarities and differences between different places, on a variety of scales and from different perspectives. Geography as a subject is unique in its spatial dimension and occupies the centre point between social or human sciences and natural sciences. The curriculum includes physical, environmental and human geography, and learners achieve elements of both socio-economic and scientific methodologies.


IBDP Geography: SL And HL

The SL learners study two optional themes whereas the HL learners study three optional themes. In other words, SL and HL are presented with a common core and optional geographic themes. Although the skills and activity of studying geography are common to all learners, HL learners are required to acquire a further body of knowledge, to demonstrate critical evaluation and to further synthesize the concepts in the HL extension. Both SL and HL learners complete a fieldwork study for the internal assessment.


IBDP Geography: Aims And Objects

IB Geography aim to evaluate theories and concepts, inspire the learners on the organized and analytical study on the human experience and behaviour, physical, economic, social and cultural environments. It also focuses on the history and development of social and cultural institutions by collecting data, organizing, framing of hypothesis and drawing conclusion after validation of the hypotheses.


IBDP Geography: Curriculum Model Overview

IB Geography curriculum includes 3 parts:

Part 1

It consists of 7 optional themes out of which any 2 are chosen by the SL learners and any 3 by the HL learners. The topics that for part 1 are:

  • Freshwater—drainage basins, Oceans and coastal margins,
  • Extreme environments, Geophysical hazards, Leisure, tourism and sport,
  • Food and health, Urban environments.


Part 1
Geographic themes—seven options SL—two options; HL— three options
  1. Freshwater
  2. Oceans and coastal margins
  3. Extreme environments
  4. Geophysical hazards
  5. Leisure, tourism and sport
  6. Food and health
  7. Urban environments


Part 2

It consists of SL and HL core on Geographic perspectives emphasizing on the global change. The topics in the common core are:

  • Population distribution— changing population,
  • Global climate— vulnerability and resilience,
  • Global resource consumption and security.
Part 2
SL And HL Core – Geographic Perspectives – Global Change
  1. Population distribution—changing population
  2. Global climate—vulnerability and resilience
  3. Global resource consumption and security


Part 3

HL core extension is for the HL learners only. It has a coverage on Geographic perspectives based on the global interactions. The topics covered are:

  • Power, places and networks,
  • Human development and diversity,
  • Global risks and resilience.
Part 3
HL Only – Geographic Perspectives—Global Interactions
  1. Power, places and networks
  2. Human development and diversity
  3. Global risks and resilience

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IBDP Geography: Internal Assessment SL And HL Fieldwork

Fieldwork, information gathering and analysis with evaluation, and one written report based on a fieldwork question.


Assessment Model

There are four assessment objectives (AOs) for the SL and HL geography
course. Having followed the course at SL or HL, students will be expected to do the following:

1. Display Knowledge and Understanding of Specified Content:

  • The core theme—global change
  • 2 optional themes at SL and 3 optional themes at HL
  • part 3 – the HL extension—global interactions
  • For internal assessment, any specific geographic research topic.

2. Exhibit Application and Analysis of Knowledge and Understanding

  • Implement and analyse geographic concepts and theories
  • Understand unknown information, data, and cartographic material by analysing and interpreting geographic patterns and processes. Explain how well ideas and concepts are known and comprehended in specific situations.
  • Illustrate the extent to which theories and concepts are recognized and understood in particular contexts.

3. Indicate Synthesis and Evaluation

  • Analyse and evaluate geographic concepts, theories and perceptions
  • Implement geographic concepts and examples to plan and present an argument
  • Analyze sources using techniques suitable for geographic fieldwork.
  • Showcase the synthesis and assessment of the HL extension—global interactions for HL alone.

4. Select and Use a Variety of Appropriate Techniques and Skills

  • Choose and implement:
    -prescribed geographic skills in appropriate contexts
    -techniques and skills appropriate to a geographic research question.
  • Display well-structured written material, using appropriate terminology.


How Can You Top Your IB Geography (SL/ HL) Exams

  • Make a study plan. Exercise on past papers and use marking schemes. Go through the syllabus during each study session. Don’t leave anything until the last nanosecond. Only studying a week or two before the IB Geography papers won’t help. Go through the syllabus during each study session. The key to being successful in any subject at IB position is about being visionary inside and outside of class.
  • Assemble your resources. You need to be organised, attentive in class and have all your notes from every class neatly arranged whether online or in published form. Separate your motifs and topics within your notes for each paper (papers 1, 2, and 3).
  • Command Terms are KEY. The quickest and simplest approach to raise your grade is to use command phrases! Understanding what the test is asking you to do is a surefire way of making sure whoever is looking at your paper knows you’re well informed, well set and academically rigorous. Make sure you are aware of the marks assigned to each command term as well as the level of detail required in your response.
  • Diagrams are your secret armament. During your test a diagram can be worth a significant number of marks! A well labelled and explained diagram can successfully help you in answering questions so try and have at least one or two ready- to- go for all your topics/chapters. This helps not only to show the examiner that you truly understand what you’re talking about but also gives structure to your thoughts around a topic, aids memorisation and make sure you incorporate all of the diagram’s important information. They can save you some sneaky marks when you check at a diagram you’ve created and realise there’s an extra line you haven’t labelled and discussed!
  • Choose case study that are applicable to you. The best part about Geography is its applicability to the ultramodern world. Everything you see, hear, smell and sense is Geography in some form or another. Today’s world should be the inspiration for your case studies and global news is your gate into this. This is particularly helpful for the HL extension course but is applicable to the course as a whole.


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What is IB Geography?

The IB Geography consists of the examination of global issues, human geography, sustainability, and climate changes. Other than that, IBDP Geography does a detailed analysis of flora and fauna, landscapes, animals, species, etc. This provides the opportunity to exhibit global issues and different campaigns in a very vivid way. 

Is IB Geography hard?

No, IB geography is not a very difficult course. Because most of the answers consist of actual facts and figures. Which makes the answering system of this course very subtle and systematic with point-to-point direct answers. Thus, one should opt for IB Geography for this reason.  

What is IBDP Geography, the duration of the exam?

The Duration of the IBDP Geography exam is about 2 hours and 45 minutes for SL, although 4 hours and 30 mins for HL. 

How many hours had to be spent in IBDP geography?

About 4-6hrs of average study with discipline is enough. Thus, one should spend this many hours studying IBDP Geography. 

What does IBDP Geography provide career options?

The top career options are Natural Hazards, Emergencies Analyst, Conversation, Prevention Specialist, Public Health Officer, parks, and forestry manager. Thus,  provided by IBDP Geography as a career option.

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