IGCSE History

IGCSE History Syllabus examines some of the major international issues of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, as well as more extensively covering the history of particular regions. The emphasis is on historical knowledge as well as on the skills required for historical research. IGCSE History will stimulate any student who is already interested in the past, provide a basis for further study and also encourage a lifelong interest in the subject. 

The students study all the Core Content in either: 

  • The nineteenth century: the development of modern nation states, 1848–191 or
  • The twentieth century: international relations since 1919

IGCSE History course teaches students to raise questions and to develop and deploy historic skills, knowledge and understanding to provide historical explanations. Students explore history from a variety of perspectives, including social, economic, cultural and political perspectives. It gives the opportunity to build interest and enthusiasm in learning about and understanding the past, to explore historical concepts such as cause and consequence, change and continuity, similarity and difference, acknowledge the historical evidence and how to use it, learn more about international issues and inter-relationships, learn how to make clear logical arguments.


Aims of the Syllabus

The objectives are as follows:

  • Inspire curiosity and enthusiasm for learning about the past
  • Encourage the acquisition of knowledge and understanding of historical individuals, people, and societies.
  • Ascertain that learners’ knowledge is founded on an understanding of the nature and application of historical evidence.
  • Promote comprehension of key historical concepts such as cause and effect, change and continuity, and similarity and difference.
  • Serve as a solid foundation for further study and the pursuit of personal interests
  • Foster international understanding
  • Foster the development of historical skills such as investigation, analysis, evaluation, and communication.



All candidates must complete all of the Core Content in either:


Alternative A

The nineteenth century saw the rise of modern nation states from 1848 to 1914.

The following Key Questions are addressed in the content:

  • How significant were the 1848 Revolutions?
  • How did Italy become unified?
  • How did Germany become unified?
  • What caused the Civil War in the United States, and what were the consequences?
  • Why and how did Europeans expand their overseas empires during the nineteenth century?
  • What triggered World War I?


Alternative B

International relations since 1919 in the twentieth century.

The following Key Questions are addressed in the content:

  • Were the 1919-23 peace treaties just?
  • How successful was the League of Nations?
  • What had caused international peace to collapse by 1939?
  • Who was responsible for the Cold War?
  • How effectively did the United States keep Communism at bay?
  • How secure was the USSR’s grip on Eastern Europe from 1948 to 1989?
  • Why did events in the Gulf matter between 1970 and 2000?

Furthermore, all candidates must pursue at least one of the following Depth Studies:

  • The Great War, 1914-18;
  • Germany, 1918-45;
  • Russia, 1905-41;
  • The United States, 1919-41;
  • China, circa 1930-1990;
  • South Africa, circa 1940-1994; and
  • Israelis and Palestinians since 1945

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Assessment Objectives

  • The ability to recall, select, organise, and apply knowledge from the syllabus.
  • An understanding of cause and effect, change and continuity, similarity and difference to construct historical explanations people’s past motives, emotions, intentions, and beliefs.
  • Understanding, interpreting, evaluating, and applying a variety of sources as evidence in their historical context.



All candidates take three components. All candidates take Paper 1 and Paper 2, and choose either Component 3 or Paper 4.

Paper 1

Written paper

  • 60 marks
  • Candidates answer two questions from Section A (Core Content) and one question from Section B (Depth Studies).
  • All questions are in the form of structured essays, split into three parts: (a), (b) and (c)
  • Externally assessed
  • 2 hours
  • Weighting- 40%


Paper 2

Written paper

  • 50 marks
  • Candidates answer six questions on one prescribed topic taken from the Core Content.
  • There is a range of source material relating to each prescribed topic.
  • The prescribed topic changes in each examination session
  • Externally assessed
  • 2 hours
  • Weighting- 33%


Component 3


  • 40 marks
  • Candidates produce one piece of extended writing based on a Depth Study from the syllabus or a Depth Study devised by the Centre
  • Internally assessed/externally moderated
  • Weighting- 27%


Paper 4

Alternative to Coursework.

  • Written paper
  • 40 marks
  • Candidates answer one question on a Depth Study
  • Externally assessed
  • 1 hour
  • Weighting– 27%

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Experienced Tutors

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Only trainers who have passed our stringent hiring process are eligible to teach. Learn from tutors who have studied and mastered the subject matter they are teaching.

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Top Rated Live-Online Platform

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Built-in TPR classroom with a chat interface and an interactive whiteboard, both of which can be used by the student and tutor to communicate.

Recorded Sessions

Recorded Sessions

Access to session recordings so that even if you miss a lecture, you can go back and review it whenever, wherever, and on whatever device you want. All notes and tutoring sessions are recorded and delivered after each session.

Regular Assignments

Regular Assignments

Assignments are provided covering all units that will add a simple end to end way for all academic worries.

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IGCSE History Syllabus

The IGCSE curriculum focuses on developing young student’s minds to have knowledge, concepts, and skills in all areas. The program wise syllabus mentioned below:


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Degree in Information Technology

Subject Specialties:


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Post graduate in Zoology
Cleared National Eligibility test with AIR 40

Subject Specialties:


Aakanksha began her career as a research person and then moved on to reviewing the Quality of content for books published through renowned publishers for 11th and 12th grade. She is also one of the members to conduct training and workshops on how to design question papers for exams. She is a recipient of the best teacher award from GISR-IIWA foundation for contribution in the field of education.

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Post graduate in Chemistry

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Post graduate in Chemistry
Pursuing her Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry

Subject Specialties:


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Graduate in Mathematics
Certified online trainer - Tutor Vista

Subject Specialties:


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Subject Specialties:


Curiosity, inquisitivity and being able to relate to physics is a quality that Satyawan had in him from a very young age. He began to believe that science can provide you with required answers but gradually understood that physics can tell you how things work. In this journey his inclination was more towards Mechanics.

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Post graduate in Microbiology
Bachelor of Education

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What is IGCSE?

International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) is a popular international curriculum for students ages between 14 to 16 years. This curriculum leads to globally recognized and valued Cambridge IGCSE qualifications. This falls under the Cambridge Secondary 2 Stage. 

Cambridge IGCSE has been developed through the extensive support extended by schools worldwide. Cambridge IGCSE provides excellent preparation for the Cambridge Advanced stage including International AS and A levels and Cambridge Pre-U. It caters to the changing needs and undergoes regular updates and extensions. Cambridge IGCSE trainers are provided with excellent support through resources, training and advice from experts. 

Cambridge IGCSE encourages learner centered and curiosity based approaches to learning. Skills such as creative thinking, enquiry and problem solving are developed and get students ready for the next stage in their education. Schools build their own curriculum to cater to the local needs and define learning outcomes and content. So the Cambridge IGCSE curriculum not only caters to being internationally relevant but also keeps in mind the needs of different cultures. 

The schools decide which subjects to offer and each subject is certified separately. There are over 70 subjects for students to choose and this includes more than 30 language courses that offer a wide variety of routes for learners with different abilities. 

Students develop their knowledge, understanding and skills in the subject content, applying the knowledge gained to real-time situations, developing curiosity in the nature around them and being flexible and responsive to change. Apart from the core subject related skills, students also learn to write and communicate effectively in English and also become culturally aware of people and situations around them. 

What are the key features of IGCSE?

IGCSE demands to learn a variety of criteria to gain knowledge and its application in daily life. It is valid on global standards and its primary medium of instruction is English. IGCSE focuses on student centric education and making the mind creative for learning. The curriculum is quite demanding and the approach is focused on application rather than just learning theory. Every subject under IGCSE is designed to learn from a global research perspective. It does not offer a prescribed syllabus and students can use a wide range of resources to learn from. Students get to learn a wide range of things in a better way. The coursework component on the IGCSE is optional as it is designed to accommodate the fact that in some countries there might be hurdles to performing lab experiments to taking fieldwork excursions. IGCSE prepares a student for international study as well as entry into international universities. Students who have done the IGCSE have a very strong understanding of foundational concepts built on in the IB DP. IGCSE is accessible to those of almost all levels of ability. The questions are often differentiated in terms of levels of difficulty to meet the needs of both the student as well as those who find academics challenging. If a child has strengths in assimilating knowledge and demonstrating this knowledge in exam conditions then IGCSE would certainly be a good option to choose. IGCSE is equally highly regarded as an international qualification by European universities and North American colleges. 

What are the advantages of IGCSE?

If you are a parent looking for the best school for your child, the options available are numerous. But the most important decision you may have to make is to choose the right board of education for your child. Recently, IGCSE board schools seem to have gained popularity and as a parent, you would definitely want to know the advantages of sending your child to one of the best IGCSE schools in India. IGCSE offers students multiple levels of advantages, some of which are : 

  • Recognition by Universities abroad 

Studying in IGCSE schools acts as a passport to the best international universities across the globe. The curriculum would definitely equip and prepare your child with the skillset necessary to tackle the challenges of academics in an international university. 

  • Focused on a learner centric approach

IGCSE places the student at the center of the course. Teaching and learning practices that are used to optimize the way a student learns is given primary attention. The individual needs and capabilities are given priority in IGCSE. 

  • Focused on Inquiry based learning 

IGCSE promotes learning through exploring and relates concepts to real life with curiosity playing a key role. Students are encouraged to investigate issues, develop questions and analyses that will help them understand the world better.

  • Belonging to a Global Community 

Cambridge teachers and students are a part of a global community that shares resources, information and ideas. This takes learning to a completely new level. 

  • Rigorous Assessment 

The assessments conducted by IGCSE are most reliable and trusted. They are fair and flexible. The assessments focus on conceptual learning, promoting the development of higher order thinking skills among the learners.

How would you choose IGCSE subjects?

IGCSE offers more than 70 subjects to choose from. Students are required to take a minimum of 5 or a maximum of 14 subjects. The core subjects are English, Mathematics and Science. Students can choose other subjects ranging from social sciences (commonly Accounting, Business Studies, Economics, Sociology) to Arts and Technology (commonly Computer Studies, ICT, Art and Design)

Students are awarded one IGCSE certificate for each subject. The number of subjects needs to be taken varies from school to school and also depends on individual preference.

What are the subject groups in IGCSE?

In IGCSE, there are five Subject Groups with a wide range of subjects to choose from:
Group 1: Languages (First Language, Second Language, Foreign Language, etc)
Group 2: Humanities and Social Sciences (Geography, English Literature, History, etc)
Group 3: Sciences (Biology, Chemistry, Physics, etc)
Group 4: Mathematics (Mathematics, Additional Mathematics, etc)
Group 5: Creative, Technical and Vocational (Accounting, Business Studies, Computer Studies, Music, etc)

How long will it take to complete an IGCSE course?

Cambridge IGCSE course takes two years to complete and assessments are taken at the end of each year. IGCSE exams are held in June and in November every year and the results are published in August and January respectively.

Can I self-study IGCSE?

Yes, you can take the IGCSE exam even without attending Cambridge school. You need to find a Cambridge school in your city that accepts private candidates and register in that school to be able to take up the IGCSE examination. You will be solely responsible for making arrangements with the school and the school will provide all assistance for exam related queries. There are certain requirements that a student needs to fulfill to be eligible to get themselves registered as a private candidate in a school. 

Private candidates need to meet the full requirements of any assessment that they would be taking. If their submission of coursework, students must submit them and the coursework should be marked and authenticated by the school. 

Entry for assessments can be made only through the school and the responsibility lies on the student to ensure all requirements are complied with. 

The school has to remit the fee for any private candidate and students should reimburse the same to the school. The cost would include cost of supervision, marking of coursework or other internally assessed work by the staff of the school. 

Students registered as private candidates are identified separately in the summary of the school result and the name of the school will not appear in the certificate issued to the student.

Do International Universities accept IGCSE?

Definitely! Almost every university, a student would want to apply to, will accept an IGCSE Diploma. It is an internationally recognized Secondary Education Qualification.

When are the IGCSE exams taken?

IGCSE exams are taken in June and in November every year and the results are published in August and January respectively.

How much does IGCSE tutoring cost?

The pricing for IGCSE tutoring would depend on a lot of factors. Where you live can greatly change how much the tutor would charge. There could be different tutors offering private tutoring and there could be self-taught tutors to professionally trained tutors with a lifetime of experience.  The qualification and experience of tutors will affect the price you would have to pay. Depending on the subject or the specialization, supply and demand can have a huge bearing on the price. Core subjects may cost higher when compared to arts and music or it could be vice versa. The level of a student is also an important factor to determine the price. Tutoring jobs are generally paid more if there is more work to be done by the trainer.

Interested in ensuring that your child improves his/her
grades by studying with the best tutors?