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Undergraduation in Europe

The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2015 lists 34 European universities in its top 100 list. The Bologna Declaration of 1999 aligned the higher education system in entire Europe, and recently numerous European universities have introduced more courses that are taught in English. While the United Kingdom and Germany top the list of destinations Indian undergraduate students aspire to study in, some other popular European destinations are Ireland, France, the Netherlands, and Spain.


  • The Indian student population in Ireland is anticipated to be greater than 2,000 by the year 2015 (Courtesy: Irish Ministry of Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation)
  • Duration of undergraduate courses in Ireland ranges from three to four years
  • Some programs such as architecture and dentistry are for five years whereas the medicine courses are for six years
  • In most Irish institutions, academic performance is usually measured on a grading scale of A to F (A being the highest grade and F being the lowest grade)
  • Full-time students are required to take minimum 20 credits per semester (almost 50 credits per academic year)
  • Popular courses in Ireland include arts and humanities, engineering, business, and health sciences
  • Renowned institutions: Trinity College, Dublin; University College, Dublin; University College Cork, and Dublin City University
  • Students can work part-time for 20 hours per week during the study term OR for 40 hours per week during vacation
  • Awards and scholarships are open to international undergraduate applicants
  • Professional internships and employment are available for international students for up to one year after graduation provided they have a Garda National Immigration Bureau (GNIB) card

UG admission requirements in top universities in Ireland:

  • 12 years of schooling
  • TOEFL, IELTS or Pearson (PTE) scores; SAT is optional

Estimated yearly cost of education

  • tuition fees- €20,000–€29,000
  • living expenses - €10,000-€13,000


  • The number of Indian students in France currently is 3,000 plus; the Indian student population is expected to double in five years (Courtesy: The French Embassy, New Delhi)
  • Duration of undergraduate courses in France is three years. They are usually called Foundation Course or License three year degree
  • The 4-point GPA grading scale is extensively used in France. However, some Grandes Ecoles, such as Ecole Centrale de Lille, use a three-letter scale system (A= excellent, S= satisfactory, I= fail)
  • Full-time students need to take 30 credits per semester to complete 180 credits needed for undergraduation
  • Popular courses include international business, international finance, entrepreneurship, management, and fashion marketing
  • Renowned institutes: École Normale Superieure (ENS Paris), École Polytechnique (ParisTech), École des Hautes Etudes Commerciales de Paris (HEC), Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC), Université Paris-Sud 11, and ESSEC Business School
  • 964 hours of part-time work per year is allowed during the study term
  • Some schools such as ESSEC Business School offer specific scholarships for programs such as BBA
  • Indian students have the option of working for a two-year period post completion of their studies

Admission requirements in top universities in France:

  • 12 years of schooling
  • TOEFL/IELTS scores
  • Knowledge of French language is preferred

Estimated yearly cost of education

  • tuition fees- €10,000
  • living expenses-€12,000

The Netherlands

  • The number of Indian undergraduate students is growing steadily (Courtesy: NESO-India.org)
  • Most undergraduate courses in The Netherlands are three to four years long
  • Degrees awarded in most of the universities are Bachelor of Arts/Science/ Commerce
  • The Netherlands uses a 10-point GPA scale as a measure of academic performance ( 10 being the highest score, 1 being the lowest)
  • Full-time students need to take 60 credits per year to complete 180 credits in three years
  • Popular courses include engineering, management, mathematics, computer science, and health science
  • Renowned universities: Delft University of Technology, Eindhoven University of Technology, and Maastricht University
  • Students can work 10 hours a week during term OR full-time during vacations
  • The Holland Scholarship is available to Indian undergraduates
  • International students can choose to work for one year after graduation

Admission requirements in top universities in Netherlands:

  • 12 years of schooling
  • TOEFL/IELTS scores

Estimated yearly cost of education

  • tuition fees- €12,000
  • living expenses-€13,200


  • Only 5% international students are accepted by Spanish universities
  • Most undergraduate courses are 4 years long
  • Degrees awarded are Bachelor of Arts/Science/Engineering
  • Universities in Spain use the 10-point GPA scale( 10 being the highest and 1 being the lowest) and marks obtained in this scale are then converted to a 4-point GPA scale for an overall measurement of academic performance
  • Full-time students need to take minimum of 60 credits per year for 240 credits over four years
  • Popular courses include information and communication technology, industrial design, health sciences, and management
  • Renowned universities include University of Barcelona, Polytechnic University of Valencia, ESADE, and University of Cadiz
  • 16 hours of work is allowed during term and full time work is allowed during vacations
  • Students can apply for the EU Blue Card that will allow them to work/live in Spain for 18 months post graduation

Admission requirements in top universities in Spain:

  • TOEFL or IELTS scores, some universities also require SAT
  • 12 years of schooling

Estimated cost of education

  • tuition fees-€10,000-€18,000
  • living expenses- €9,000

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